CULICOIDES MIDGES appeared a lot earlier than expected last year - in mid January. Be prepared this year with a pre-emptive strike!  Pioneer Anti Midge Balm is made from high quality herbs and oils and includes an insect repellent.

 






Insecta: Dipthera: Culicoides 

THE CULICOIDES MIDGE


Description
Biting midges are 1-2 mm long, with a small head, long antennae and segmented palps. The thorax is often black spotted and contains a distinctive set of small depressions called the "humeral pits" just posterior of the head on the upper thorax. Biting midges have long legs and wings that fold over the thorax when at rest. Only the females take blood meals and normally swarm and bite in the early morning or late evening, especially during overcast weather.

Life Cycle
Female culicoides lay 30-250 dark, cylindrical eggs on the surface of wet soil or organic debris. Larvae emerge from the eggs soon thereafter depending on the environmental conditions. There are four larval instars and the mature larvae resembles that of a nematode worm. They have a small dark head, 12 segments and terminal papillae. The larvae feed on detritus and may delay development for extended periods of time depending on the species and conditions. The pupal period lasts 3-10 days, with the adult females emerging to feed and breed.

Protection
Full body coats, including head and face masks will be of considerable help. Insect repellents can be in the form of both commercial sprays and/or ingredients purchased and made up into spray bottles. Note that commercial sprays will have a propellent. Soaps that contain oils and herbs that are known to be insect repellent/killers are used as a shampoo and can be spread widely across the entire area, helping to keep insects off the animal while at the same time easing the symptoms of the insect attack.  Our Pioneer Herbal Liquid Soap is made with this  action in mind, as a precursor to our anti midge balm.